What was the Great Awakening? The Great Awakening was a spiritual renewal that swept the American Colonies, particularly New England, during the first half of the 18th Century.
Ahlstrom noted, the Great Awakening "was still to come, ushered in by the Grand Itinerant",  the British evangelist George Whitefield.
Whitefield arrived in Georgia inand returned in for a second visit of the Colonies, making a "triumphant campaign north from Philadelphia to New York, and back to the South". Ministers from various evangelical Protestant denominations supported the Great Awakening.
In the late colonial period, most pastors read their sermons, which were theologically dense and advanced a particular theological argument or interpretation. Hatch argues that the evangelical movement of the s played a key role in the development of democratic thought,  [ disputed — discuss ] as well as the belief of the free press and the belief that information should be shared and completely unbiased and uncontrolled.
This contributed to create a demand for religious freedom. Second Great Awakening The Second Great Awakening was a religious revival that occurred in the United States beginning in the late eighteenth century and lasting until the middle of the nineteenth century.
While it occurred in all parts of the United States, it was especially strong in the Northeast and the Midwest. The center of revivalism was the so-called Burned-over district in western New York.
Named for its overabundance of hellfire-and-damnation preaching, the region produced dozens of new denominations, communal societies, and reform. The temperance movement encouraged people to abstain from consuming alcoholic drinks in order to preserve family order.
The abolition movement fought to abolish slavery in the United States.
In addition to these causes, reforms touched nearly every aspect of daily life, such as restricting the use of tobacco and dietary and dress reforms. The abolition movement emerged in the North from the wider Second Great Awakening — Third Great Awakening The Third Great Awakening in the s—s was characterized by new denominations, active missionary work, Chautauquasand the Social Gospel approach to social issues.
The revival of produced the leadership, such as that of Dwight L. Moodyout of which came religious work carried on in the armies during the civil war.
Fourth Great Awakening The Fourth Great Awakening is a debated concept that has not received the acceptance of the first three.
Advocates such as economist Robert Fogel say it happened in the late s and early s. Awakening is a term which originates from and is embraced often and primarily by evangelical Christians.American literature - The 18th century: In America in the early years of the 18th century, some writers, such as Cotton Mather, carried on the older traditions.
His huge history and biography of Puritan New England, Magnalia Christi Americana, in , and his vigorous Manuductio ad Ministerium, or introduction to the ministry, in , were defenses of ancient Puritan convictions.
Start studying Puritanism, Great Awakening, Enlightenment. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. they believed that natural laws came first and god would step down and let the universe function according to the laws.
17th century ( about s) Enlightenment. 18th century. Analysis and Information covering the First Great Awakening 04 Significance of the Great Awakening: Roots of Revolution The major effect of the Awakening was a rebellion against authoritarian religious rule which spilled over into other areas of colonial life.
In New England, the first dancing school did not open until the end of the 17th century.
 Puritans condemned the sexualization of the theatre and its associations with depravity and prostitution—London's theatres were located on the south side of the Thames, which was a center of prostitution.
The concept of covenant was extremely important to the first dancing school did not open until the end of the 17th century. Puritans condemned the sexualization of the theatre and its associations with depravity and prostitution—London's theatres were located on the south evangelical preacher who sparked the First Great Awakening;.
The Effects of Puritanism and the Great Awakening Upon American Society Essay eighteenth century, both Puritanism and the Great Awakening played crucial roles in developing American society by paving the way to the development of democracy, by establishing a culture governed by ethics and morals, and by creating a united and .